The most important function which gets affected
due to hearing loss is the natural language acquisition and speech.
However language development is vital as it is the basis of
communication. It is the most important factor in the all-round
development of a child. It is the basis of most learning, not only
in the formal aspects of education, but also in the development of
character, emotional state and social relationship of the
children.The questions are `who should develop language and how it
should be taught to the children’.
In order to
answer both these questions the simplest thing is to recollect
how hearing babies have acquired language. The hearing baby
acquired or learnt it from the parents and the family members
around them through constant exposure and interaction. Parents
unconsciously teach and reinforce the language. It is an
established fact that the hearing impaired child also has the
same innate capacity to learn language as a hearing child but
the reason that he has not learnt it, is because he has not
heard the language around him.
Parents of a hearing
impaired child may therefore interact and talk to him as
naturally as they would do with hearing children. They should
Throughout the day
there are plenty of ideal moments to give a hearing impaired
child an opportunity to acquire language, these are: getting
up, washing, bathing, dressing, undressing, cooking time, meal
time, going out to the market garden or zoo, visiting friends,
playing, going to bed etc.. These are the times when the
phrases used have real meaning and so the parents could help
develop vocabulary, meaningful language structures and
communication skills in the hearing impaired child.
Toys and books are the most interesting things
which would help parents to initiate conversation and also to
provide language to the gestures the child uses while playing and
browsing through the books.
While these activities are
continuously going around at home parents should pay sufficient
attention to the following: