India have reserved 3% of vacancies against identified posts in
Group ‘C’ and Group ‘D’ for people with disabilities in
Central Government Ministries, Public Sector Undertaking and Banks.
The categories of handicapped persons benefited by this scheme are
the Blind, the Deaf and the Orthopeadically handicapped with 1%
reservation for each category.
A Committee set up by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
made an in-depth study of the various jobs done in Government
Offices as well as Public Sector Undertakings and identified 1100
posts out of 3000 posts listed in the National Classification of
Occupations as suitable for handicapped persons. For the first time
the Committee had also identified the physical requirements for all
In giving jobs to persons with disabilities, the Government has
announced some other concessions which are as follows :
a) Disabled person who are otherwise qualified to hold clerical
posts and who are certified as being unable to type by the Medical
Board or a Civil Surgeon where there is no such board, have been
exempted from typing qualification.
b) Disabled persons have been granted relaxation in upper age limit
up to 10 years for appointment to the clerical and subordinate cadre
c) All people with disabilities can be given posting subject to
administrative constraints, near their places of residence. The ban
on recruitment has been relaxed in favour of identified posts to be
filled by disabled people.
d) Disabled persons are exempted from payment of application and
examination fee prescribed for the recruitment of clerical posts and
other cadres in Public Sector Banks and Financial Institutions.
e) Disabled persons are not to be subjected to the usual medical
examination by the appointing authorities but their physical fitness
should be decided on the basis of the report of the Medical Boards
attached to the Special Employment Exchanges for the Physically
Handicapped for their recruitment to group ‘C’ and ‘D’
posts. The appointing authorities and the Medical Boards have to
view the cases of persons with disabilities with utmost sympathy
while considering them for appointment.
Further Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ employees found medically unfit
for the post he is holding and from which he is proposed to be
discharged or has been discharged may, wherever practicable, be
considered for another identical equivalent post for which he may be
found suitable against direct recruitment quota without insisting on
the condition of appointment through the employment exchange.
f) Persons with disabilities are not to be denied promotions on
medical grounds if they are otherwise fit for promotion and can
discharge the duties satisfactorily.
In a Supreme Court Judgment in 1993 the blind eligible candidates
can compete and write the Civil Services Examination, which is
ordinarily held yearly by the Union Public Service Commission. The
Supreme Court further directed that they shall be permitted to write
the examination in Braille.
To clear the backlog of vacancies of persons with disabilities,
Special Recruitment Drives are undertaken by Staff Selection
Commission from time to time. Three last such drives were
undertaking in 1987, 1988 and 1990. As a result of these drives
undertaken by the Government, over 2000 disabled persons have been
For assisting the disabled persons in undertaking self-employment
ventures and other productive activities, loans are given by the
nationalized banks by charging an interest of 4% per annum under
Differential Rate of Interest scheme.
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has reserved seven and half
percent of all types of dealership/agencies of the Public Sector Oil
Companies, for disabled persons. Similarly, the Ministry has also
reserved seven and half percent dealership/agencies for Defence
personal who permanently and severely disabled either in war or in
military action during peacetime. Also kiosks and telephone booths
are also given to handicapped persons to enable them to earn their
Various State and U.T. Governments also provide reservation in jobs
for the handicapped persons. There is no obligation on private
sector to provide employment to the handicapped persons. However,
many private sector employers now offer jobs to persons with
disabilities realising that their employment is an economically
A number of disabled job seekers are also getting employment through
the normal employment exchanges and the special employment exchanges
set up for them.