Schemes & Facilities provided by Central & State Government:
The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights And Full Participation) Act, 1995
The purpose of this Act which was made law in 1996 (Gazette No.1 of 1996) is to fix responsibilities on the Central and State Government to the extent of their resources permit, to provide services, create facilities and give support to people with disabilities in order to enable them to have equal opportunities in participating as productive and contributing citizens of this country to the fullest extent their abilities. It fixes its responsibilities on the Governments (Centre and State) to ensure that disabilities do not prevent individual citizens of this country from living a full life and making full contribution each in accordance with his/her ability.
This Act provides a frame within which specific demands can be made by the disabled people in order to ensure that the promise made in this Act are honoured by the Government.
In chapter 1, legal definitions of the terms used in the Act are given. Disability means blindness, low vision, leprosy-cured, hearing impairment, Locomotor disability, mental retardation and mental illness.
A person with disability has to be certified by a medical authority that he or she is suffering from not less than 40% of the disability.
In the purpose of this Act, the Central Government shall constitute a Central Co-ordination Committee (CCC), headed by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment.
The Central Co-ordination Committee consists of 39 persons, 34 will be official members and five nominated by the Government, will represent NGOs and associations concerned with disabilities. Among the five, inclusion of at least one women and one person from SC or ST is envisaged. The term of all the members will be for three years.
The committee shall meet once every six months and the committee shall have a Central Executive Committee which shall carry out the decision of the Central Coordination Committee. The Executive Committee shall meet every three months.
Central Executive Committee will consist of 23 persons, including 5 nominated by the Government, with a composition as laid down in CCC for the group.
The function of the Central Coordination Committee shall be the following
The Central Coordination Committee will be bound by such directions in writing as the Central Government may give it,
Identical to the Central Coordination Committee, each state shall appoint a State Coordination Committee, consisting of 23 official and 5 non-official members
The State Executive Committee will be akin to (similar to) its central counterpart with 13 official and 5 non official members.
The terms and conditions governing the State Committees shall be the same as those of the Central Coordination Committee, and the functions shall also be the same.
The State Coordination Committee shall be bound by such directions in writing as the Central Coordination Committee or as State Government may give it.