The Govt. of India has reserved 3% vacancies against identified posts in Group ‘C’ and Group ‘D’ for the disabled. The categories of handicapped persons benefited by this scheme are the blind, the deaf and the orthopaedically handicapped on 1% reservation for each category in the Central Govt. services, Public Sector Banks and Govt. Undertakings.
A roster (100 point) has been prescribed for giving effect to reservation of jobs for physically handicapped persons. In this roster 67th vacancy occurring in a particular year would be reserved for the deaf.
If in any year the vacancy reserved for the physically handicapped categories are not filled, reservation are required to be carried over for a period upto three recruitment years.
The physically handicapped persons are entitled to relaxation in upper age limit upto 10 years for appointment to clerical and subordinate posts. They are also exempted from payment of application and examination fee prescribed for recruitment of clerical and sub staff cadres in public sector banks and financial institutions.
The physically handicapped persons are not to be denied promotion on medical grounds if they are otherwise fit for promotion and can discharge the duties satisfactorily.
The banks had identified jobs in the clerical and subordinate cadres which the blind, the deaf and the orthopaedically handicapped persons can perform.
It has been decided vide Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (Dept. of Personnel and Training) O.M.No.14017/41/90 Estt (RR) dt.10/5/90 that in the case of holders of Group “C” or Group “D” post who have been recruited on regional basis and who are physically handicapped, may be given posting, as far as possible, subject to administrative constraints, near their native places within the region. Requests from physically handicapped employee for transfer to or near their native places may also be given preferences.
Special Employment Exchanges for the Physically Handicapped is set up in all State Capitals and Special cells for the handicapped is set up in district head quarters through which circulation of vacancies for the handicapped in Group “C” and “D” posts of state/central Govt. is made. Handicapped who register for employment with special employment Exchange/ special cell will be intimated of the vacancy and sponsored for interview/selection etc. Where there are no special employment exchanges for the handicapped, the special cells for the handicapped are established in the Employment Exchanges. Handicapped can avail the benefit through registering at this centers. Also there are Vocational Rehabilitation Centres established in 17 places through out the country who also registers such cases for employment. Hence all the handicapped shall register their names with such centers for employment.
Section 80 D: Section 80 DD provides for a deduction in respect of the expenditure incurred by an individual or HUF resident in India on the medical treatment (including nursing) training and rehabilitation etc. of handicapped dependants. For officiating the increased cost of such maintenance, the limit of the deduction has been raised from Rs.12000/- to Rs.15000/-
Section 80 V: A new Section 80 V has been introduced to ensure that the parent in whose hands, income of a disabled minor has been clubbed under Section 64, is allowed to claim a deduction upto Rs.20000/ in terms of Section 80U, which provides for a deduction of Rs.20000/- in case of an individual who is suffering from a permanent disability (including blindness) or is subject to mental retardation.
The Government of India have recently announced the following additional concessions for individual or Hindu Undivided families which have a relative who is physically disabled, blind or mentally retarded.
An assessee who is resident in India being an individual or Hindu Undivided Family has during the previous year incurred any expenditure for the medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of a person who is a relative of the individual or is a member of the Hindu Undivided Family and is suffering from permanent physical disability including blindness or mental retardation shall be allowed a deduction of Rs.6000/-. His deduction will not be allowed where his total income exceeds Rs.1,00,000/-
In his budget speech on 15th March, 1995 Shri Manmohan Singh, Finance Minister, Govt. of India, made the following announcement:
Handicapped persons are also exempted from payment of professional tax. He/she has to submit the disability certificate to the employer for such exemption