Some children experience difficulties when they start schooling like
II. Incorrect pronounciation of speech sounds:
III Voice Disorders:
Hoarse Voice: Children are very active and enthusiastic. They may talk, shout and scream a lot. This can make their voice hoarse.
IV Stammering (stuttering):
Speech like walking has rhythm and flow. Disruption of this flow reduces the effectiveness of speech. Stammering may range from mild hesitation to severe disruption in the flow of speech. Young children of 2 to 4 years of age may exhibit repetition of words and phrases while speaking. Such non–fluency in early speech and language development, is often referred to as normal non–fluency. The child may come out of this phase on his own with the help of parent’s support.
Of the various faculties of the brain, the ability to express ideas, thoughts and feelings through speech is a precious gift to mankind. This wonderful faculty is possible because of speech centers of the brain and the speech organs we possess.
Paralysis or head injury may damage these speech centers causing language disorders known as aphasia. Such people have difficulty in expressing and understanding speech. In addition they may have difficulty in reading, writing and calculating. Such people need emotional support and help from the family. Speech and language therapy helps to recover their speech communication skills.
There are centers in the brain responsible for movement and coordination of the speech musculature. Lesions of these centers cause weakness, incoordination and paralysis resulting in unclear speech. Apart from this difficulty they may have difficulty in swallowing and chewing.
Disruption of flow of speech reduces effectiveness of speech. Stammering may range from mild hesitation to severe disruption in the flow of speech. This problem starts in childhood and may continue in adulthood. This may affect their personal and social growth. They may experience difficulty in getting employment.
The management of speech–language disorders is done by a Speech Language Pathologist. The other team professionals are Audiologist, Psychologists, ENT, Pediatrician, Neurologist, Special educators. Person having speech and language difficulties can be helped with speech – language therapy. Speech and language therapy is a long term process. It is not an instant formula. It requires consistent practice and coordinated work between you and your therapist. The family members also have an important role to play throughout the management process.
For any speech language and/or hearing problem consult the Audiologist/Speech Language Pathologist at the nearest general/private hospital.